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July 9, 2020

COVID-19 : Mercury Waste Collection, Recycling & Disposal Service Market

Filed under: News — Tags: , , , — Devin Priester @ 7:27 pm

Consider this market analysis of the Mercury Waste Collection, Recycling, and Disposal market.

According to 3rd Market Reports and Analytics:

“Mercury Waste Collection?Recycling & Disposal Service Market Overview 2020 – 2026

“The rising technology in Mercury Waste Collection?Recycling & Disposal Service Market is also depicted in this research report. Factors that are boosting the growth of the market, and giving a positive push to thrive in the global market is explained in detail.

“Key Competitors of the Global Mercury Waste Collection?Recycling & Disposal Service Market are: , Waste Management Inc., Bethlehem Apparatus, Veolia, Barrick Gold Corporation, Aevitas, Dental Recycling North America, Inc, Mercury Refining?LLC, Nomura Kohsan Co.?Ltd, Interwaste, Chung Tai Resource Technology, Enlightened Lamp Recycling Limited?ELR Ltd?, Doral Refining Corp, Future Industrial Services Limited, Safety-Kleen, NQR (REMONDIS Industrie Service), CMA Ecocycle

“Historical data available in the report elaborates on the development of the Mercury Waste Collection?Recycling & Disposal Service on national, regional and international levels. Mercury Waste Collection?Recycling & Disposal Service Market Research Report presents a detailed analysis based on the thorough research of the overall market, particularly on questions that border on the market size, growth scenario, potential opportunities, operation landscape, trend analysis, and competitive analysis.

“Major Product Types covered are:
Mine Waste
Lamp Waste
Other

“Major Applications of Mercury Waste Collection?Recycling & Disposal Service covered are:
Mining
Dental Use
Lighting
Industrial Use
Laboratory Use
Other

“This study report on global Mercury Waste Collection?Recycling & Disposal Service market throws light on the crucial trends and dynamics impacting the development of the market, including the restraints, drivers, and opportunities…”

Original Source

June 24, 2020

Global Environmental Remediation Market Size 2020 Research Report – With COVID-19 Analysis Forecast to 2026

Filed under: News — Tags: , , — Devin Priester @ 5:02 pm

The novel coronavirus has affected all markets, including environmental remediation. Consider this report.

According to Flagler Times:

“This Environmental Remediation Market report analyses the comprehensive overview of the market comprising an executive summary that covers core trends evolving in the market.

“The Environmental Remediation market report aims to enumerate market size and trends, which is accompanied and put in plain words with qualitative data. The Environmental Remediation industry segmentation is carefully analyzed with an observation stage analyzing and the present and past situations. Considering the facts, the likely future situations and estimates for the future are developed. The cultural diversity has always been the main concern for any business. So, we have illustrated this through geographical analysis which makes it easy to understand the revenue flow through each region.

“Some of Top Market Players Analysis Included in this Report:

Entact LLC
Golder Associates Corporation
Environmental and Marine Engineering NV
GEO Inc.
Dredging International
Environmental Remediation Resources Pty Ltd.
Brisea Group Inc.
Newterra Ltd.
Clean Harbors Inc

“The Market Player Analysis based on some of below Factors:

COVID-19 Impact Analysis on Manufacturers Revenue, Sales and Profit
Company Overview
Sales, Revenue, Price, and Gross Margin Analysis
Product portfolio
Recent initiatives
Market Size & Share Analysis

“The Environmental Remediation industry report offers the analyzed data by bifurcating the Environmental Remediation market on the basis of form and type of product or service, processing technology involved applications of the end-product, and others, including the geographical categorization of the market. The Environmental Remediation market report also provides detailed information regarding specific business and financial terms, market strategies, expected market growth, and much more.

“The Environmental Remediation market supports various industries, product manufacturers, organizations, vendors, and suppliers by opening doors for them with many opportunities to expand their business at the global and regional levels. Some of the major market holders at the global and regional levels are competing with one another and developing organizations in terms of sales, supply, manufacturing quality products, revenue generation, and providing satisfactory after-sales services to the clients.

“The report study further includes an in-depth analysis of industry players’ market shares and provides an overview of leading players’ market position in the Environmental Remediation sector. Key strategic developments in the Environmental Remediation market competitive landscape such as acquisitions & mergers, inaugurations of different products and services, partnerships & joint ventures, MoU agreements, VC & funding activities, R&D activities, and geographic expansion among other noteworthy activities by key players of the Environmental Remediation market are appropriately highlighted in the report…

“Some of the major objectives of this report:

1. To provide a detailed analysis of the market structure along with the forecast of the various segments and sub-segments of the global Environmental Remediation market.

2. To provide insights about factors affecting the market growth. To analyze the Environmental Remediation market based on various factors- price analysis, supply chain analysis, porter five force analyses, etc.

3. To provide historically and forecast revenue of the Environmental Remediation market segments and sub-segments with respect to four main geographies and their countries- North America, Europe, Asia, and the Rest of the World.

4. Country-level analysis of the market with respect to the current market size and future prospective.

5. To provide country-level analysis of the market for segment by application, product type, and sub-segments.

6. To provide strategic profiling of key players in the market, comprehensively analyzing their core competencies, and drawing a competitive landscape for the market.

7. Track and analyze competitive developments such as joint ventures, strategic alliances, mergers and acquisitions, new product developments, and research and developments in the global Environmental Remediation market.

“The regional segmentation of the Environmental Remediation market is done as follows:

North America
Europe
Asia Pacific
Latin America
Middle East & Africa
Competitive Landscape and Environmental Remediation Market Share Analysis

“Environmental Remediation competitive landscape provides details by vendors, including company overview, company total revenue (financials), market potential, global presence, Environmental Remediation sales and revenue generated, market share, price, production sites and facilities, SWOT analysis, product launch. For the period 2019-2027, this study provides the Environmental Remediation sales, revenue, and market share for each player covered in this report…”

Original Source

June 17, 2020

Trending News Corona impact on PCB Waste Services Market Trends and Forecast 2020

Filed under: News — Tags: , , — Devin Priester @ 6:01 pm

Consider this analysis on the impact of COVID-19 on the PCB Waste Services Market.

According to ColeofDuty:

“Global PCB Waste Services Market Research Report estimates the size of the market for 2020 and projects its growth by 2025. It provides a detailed qualitative and quantitative analysis of the Global PCB Waste Services market. And collect useful data for this extensive, commercial study of the Global PCB Waste Services market. The global Global PCB Waste Services report is a basic hold of information, essentially for the business executives.

“Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and industry chain structure is analyzed. This report also states import/export, supply and consumption figures as well as manufacturing cost, global revenue and presents gross margin by regions like North America, Europe, Japan, China and other countries (India, Southeast Asia, Central & South America, Middle East & Africa etc.)

“The PCB Waste Services market report provides a detailed analysis of global market size, regional and country-level market size, segmentation market growth, market share, competitive Landscape, sales analysis, impact of domestic and global market players, value chain optimization, trade regulations, recent developments, opportunities analysis, strategic market growth analysis, product launches, area marketplace expanding, and technological innovations.

“Market segment by Type, the product can be split into

Transformer Drain and Flush
Disposal of PCB Items and Carcasses
Bulk Soils Disposal
Treatment and Disposal of Mixed PBC/RCRA and Radioactive Waste
PCB Remediation Waste

“Market segment by Application, split into

Electrical Industry
Chemical Industry

Global PCB Waste Services Market: Regional Segments

“The chapter on regional segmentation details the regional aspects of the global PCB Waste Services market. This chapter explains the regulatory framework that is likely to impact the overall market. It highlights the political scenario in the market and the anticipates its influence on the global PCB Waste Services market.

“In this report, we analyze the PCB Waste Services industry from two aspects. One part is about its production and the other part is about its consumption. In terms of its production, we analyze the production, revenue, gross margin of its main manufacturers and the unit price that they offer in different regions from 2014 to 2020. In terms of its consumption, we analyze the consumption volume, consumption value, sale price, import and export in different regions from 2014 to 2020. We also make a prediction of its production and consumption in coming 2020-2025.
“At the same time, we classify different PCB Waste Services based on their definitions. Upstream raw materials, equipment and downstream consumers analysis is also carried out. What is more, the PCB Waste Services industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed.

Market segmentation

“PCB Waste Services market is split by Type and by Application. For the period 2015-2025, the growth among segments provide accurate calculations and forecasts for sales by Type and by Application in terms of volume and value. This analysis can help you expand your business by targeting qualified niche markets.

“The report also covers competitive developments, such as long-term contracts, new product launches and developments, and research & development activities being carried out various leading players such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information in this market. It also provides information regarding various business and corporate strategies adopted by key players to strengthen their position in this market. In a word, the report provides major statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.”

Original Source

June 11, 2020

How Does Dry Ice Blasting Compare to Sandblasting?

Filed under: News — Tags: , — Devin Priester @ 5:51 pm

Trying to choose between sand and dry ice blasting?

According to NearSay Westchester:

“When it comes to equipment cleaning and surface restoration, both sand and dry ice blasting are popular options. But while both of these media blasting services can help refresh many different types of materials, they don’t work quite the same way. Whether you’re planning a paint removal project or need industrial cleaning, here are a few important differences between dry ice and sandblasting techniques that you should know.

Sand Vs. Dry Ice Blasting

Blasting Process

“With both techniques, professionals use specialized equipment to spray a surface with a cleaning media. Sandblasting, for example, distributes fine sand particles out of a hose at a high velocity. The resulting friction helps remove matter from the substrate. By contrast, dry ice blasting ejects carbon dioxide pellets. When the pellets hit the surface, they evaporate into a gas and create a temperature change that helps remove substances that have accumulated above the substrate.

Abrasiveness

“Due to the friction it produces, sandblasting is somewhat abrasive. In some cases, this abrasiveness can be useful in difficult paint removal or etching. However, it can also damage vulnerable surfaces—such as glass and wood. Dry ice blasting is not abrasive and is much gentler, making it a better job for those who are working with sensitive materials or historic buildings.

Secondary Waste

“Through both methods of surface restoration, built-up debris will fall off from the affected substrate. Sandblasting, however, produces dust that can be irritating and cumbersome to clean. Since dry ice evaporates, it produces no secondary waste and can speed up the cleaning process in an eco-friendly fashion.

Toxic Byproducts

“Neither sand nor dry ice blasting relies on toxic chemicals for surface restoration, but they should always be done within a well-ventilated area and while wearing proper protective clothing. In some cases, hazardous materials—such as lead paint or asbestos—may combine with sandblasting dust and make an environment unsafe. By contrast, dry ice keeps hazardous materials from spreading to promote greater health and safety.”

Original Source

June 5, 2020

Highland Township Household Hazardous Waste 6.6.2020

HighlandTWP haz flyer 2-12-20

@HighlandTwpMI #Recycle #HHW @ERGEnvServices #environmentalServices #KeepYourCommunityClean

#Recycling #ElectronicWaste #HouseholdWaste #HouseholdHazardousWaste #YesItisHazardous #ProperDisposal #lamps #batteries #chemicals #AutoFluids #Gas #Antifreeze #Oil #Lightbulbs #LawnAndGardenChemicals #Pesticides #Herbicides #Paint #WeAreERG #SeeYouNextTime

Industrial Cleaning Market 2020 Top Companies Analysis, Present Situation and Statistical Forecast to 2025

Filed under: News — Tags: , , — Devin Priester @ 6:46 pm

For an outlook on the Industrial Cleaning market, consider this report.

According to Latest Hearld:

“The recent report on the Industrial Cleaning market involves an analysis of this industry with a detailed division of this vertical. As per the report, the Industrial Cleaning market is predicted to evolve and increase the return over the predicted time period. Moreover, it also predicts an outstanding growth rate y-o-y over the predicted time period.

“As per the report, the study involves valuable estimations about the Industrial Cleaning market related to the sales capacity, profit projections, market size, and several other parameters. The Industrial Cleaning market evaluates data about the industry segmentation along with the driving forces impacting the remuneration scale of this industry

“In the Competitive Landscape section of the Industrial Cleaning Market report lists various major manufacturers in the market. The competitive analysis helps the reader understand the strategies and collaborations that players focus on in order to survive in the market. The reader can identify the player’s fingerprints by knowing the company’s total sales, the company’s total price, and its production by company over the 2020-2025 forecast period.

“Global Industrial Cleaning Market is segmented based by type, application and region.

“The report contains historical revenue and volume that backing information about the market capacity, and it helps to evaluate conjecture numbers for key areas in the Industrial Cleaning market. Additionally, it includes a share of every segment of the Industrial Cleaning market, giving methodical information about types and applications of the market.

“The revenue generated by the leading industry participants in the sales of Industrial Cleaning across the world has been calculated through primary and secondary research. The Industrial Cleaning Market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status.”

Original Source

May 21, 2020

Impact of COVID-19 on Industrial Cleaning Equipment Market

Filed under: News — Tags: , , — Devin Priester @ 6:40 pm

Now that the COVID-19 pandemic has shaken up markets, see this projection for the Industrial Cleaning market.

According to coleofduty.com:

“Due to the pandemic, we have included a special section on the Impact of COVID 19 on the Industrial Cleaning Equipment Market which would mention How the Covid-19 is Affecting the Industry, Market Trends and Potential Opportunities in the COVID-19 Landscape, Key Regions and Proposal for Industrial Cleaning Equipment Market Players to battle Covid-19 Impact.

Industrial Cleaning Equipment Market 2020-2025
“The Industrial Cleaning Equipment Market report is one of the most comprehensive and important data about business strategies, qualitative and quantitative analysis of Global Market. It offers detailed research and analysis of key aspects of the Industrial Cleaning Equipment market. The market analysts authoring this report have provided in-depth information on leading growth drivers, restraints, challenges, trends, and opportunities to offer a complete analysis of the Industrial Cleaning Equipment market.

“Top Leading players covered in the Industrial Cleaning Equipment market report: Delfin Industrial Vacuums, Nilfisk, Karcher, Factory Cat, Comac SpA, Cleanvy (Thailand), Sinobakr, Aqua Clean, Baron-Blakeslee, Dulevo International, Viking Blast Systems, VIPER Cleaning Equipment and More…

“The report offers clear guidelines for players to cement a position of strength in the global Industrial Cleaning Equipment market. It prepares them to face future challenges and take advantage of lucrative opportunities by providing a broad analysis of market conditions. the global Industrial Cleaning Equipment market will showcase a steady CAGR in the forecast year 2020 to 2025.”

Original Source

May 13, 2020

How waste management companies are seeing more trash, longer hours

Filed under: News — Tags: , , , — Devin Priester @ 5:03 pm

Workers in trash collection are seeing additional hurdles given the COVID-19 pandemic.

According to CNBC:

“During the coronavirus pandemic, trash collection faces two big problems: One, handling medical waste that contains gear contaminated with Covid-19. And two, the trash bags piling up on the street corners of America as residents stay-at-home. Residential trash volumes could increase by 30%, according to one of the largest waste management companies in the U.S., Republic Services. Garbage collection workers are at risk themselves.”

Original Source

May 6, 2020

Environmental remediation: How does it work?

Filed under: News — Tags: , , — Devin Priester @ 8:00 am

You may have heard of environmental remediation, but how does it work?

According to ALS Global:

“Have you ever thought about how, for example, a landfill can harm the environment? There are tons and more tons of domestic, commercial and industrial waste accumulated. In other words, it is an enormous open-air trash.

“Therefore, it is necessary that an effective environmental action avoids possible damage to places like this. In short, this is the role of environmental remediation.

What is environmental remediation?
“In other words, environmental remediation is a measure for the purpose of reclaiming contaminated areas.

“Therefore, an area that poses a risk to the health of human beings or damage to the environment must then be submitted to this action.

How does environmental remediation work?
“First, environmental remediation is done by identifying the points that cause pollution. Once they are identified, they are deleted.

What defines an area with risks?
“Such contaminated areas, that is, that have residues that generate pollution, are defined as harmful to public health and the environment.

Contaminated areas:
• Landfill sanitary;
• Abandoned land in a natural environment;
• Spaces occupied by industrial facilities;
• Spaces occupied by commercial units;
• Buildings and other improvements, in which there are deposits of contaminating materials.

“The most common examples of contaminated areas, then, are landfills and landfills turned off – which certainly pose several risks to the environment.

How is the remediation process done?
“In short, environmental remediation is a very complex process. This is because an extremely detailed assessment is required. An assessment of the causes and consequences of contamination.

“In other words, it is a study that will define the most effective measures for environmental remediation. In addition, therefore, it may also define public or private investments that will materialize remedial actions.

Process Steps
“Once the process will happen, the environmental remediation of contaminated areas will take place through the following steps:

• Initial assessment to verify suspected contamination, potential for contamination or if the area is already contaminated, for example;
• Collection of soil and water samples to confirm contamination;
• More comprehensive research to quantify the contamination and, in addition, delimit the affected site;
• Analysis of chemical risks to the environment and human health;
• Planning of intervention and environmental remediation measures;
• Implementation of planned measures to remedy the contaminated area;
• Monitoring the decontaminated area to confirm the results of the remediation measures.

Environmental remediation techniques
“Primarily, in order to obtain the best results, the techniques are organized into two groups: in situ and ex situ.

In-site environmental remediation
“In situ means on the spot. That is, the techniques in situ are the measures performed in the contaminated area itself, after all. In fact, it is more economical and has a low risk of secondary contamination.

“Here are some examples of in situ environmental remediation techniques:

• Hydraulic barrier;
• Reactive Barrier;
• Bioremediation;
• Pumping;
• Extraction of vapors;
• Multiphase Extraction;
• Oxidative process.

Ex situ environmental remediation
“Ex situ means off-site. That is, ex situ techniques therefore correspond to measures that are performed outside the contaminated area.

“This technique is more risky because it involves the transport of contaminated waste. Of course, they need to be taken to the place where they will be treated, primarily.

“Therefore, there is also the risk of secondary contamination. Thus, during the process of removal and transportation of these wastes, other people can be ultimately contaminated.

Discard route:
“In ex situ environmental remediation, the contaminated waste goes to:

• Landfill: site for the final decomposition of domestic, commercial and industrial waste;
• Biopilhas: technique that reduces the concentration of petroleum hydrocarbons in the soil;
• Thermal desorption: a process that eliminates or reduces levels of soil contamination by non-recyclable petroleum hydrocarbons such as gasoline and diesel;
• Coprocessing: processing of industrial solid waste to generate alternative energy to the cement industry, in short.”

Original Source

April 29, 2020

Environmental Remediation Technology Market Size Analysis, Top Manufacturers, Shares, Growth Opportunities and Forecast to 2026

Filed under: Industry News — Devin Priester @ 7:54 am

The Environmental Remediation Technology Market could see opportunity and growth.

According to Navanath R:

“Market Research Intellect has added a new research report titled, ‘Environmental Remediation Technology Market Professional Survey Report 2020’ to its vast collection of research reports. The Environmental Remediation Technology market is expected to grow positively for the next five years 2020-2026.

“The Environmental Remediation Technology market report studies past factors that helped the market to grow as well as, the ones hampering the market potential. This report also presents facts on historical data from 2011 to 2019 and forecasts until 2026, which makes it a valuable source of information for all the individuals and industries around the world. This report gives relevant market information in readily accessible documents with clearly presented graphs and statistics. This report also includes views of various industry executives, analysts, consultants, and marketing, sales, and product managers.

“Key Players Mentioned in the Environmental Remediation Technology Market Research Report:

Bristol Industries
Mwh Global
Tarmac International
Sequoia Environmental Remediation
Environmental Remediation Resources
Entact Llc
Geo Inc
Ersi
Newterra
Golder Associates Corporation
Clean Harbors
Market Segment as follows:

“The global Environmental Remediation Technology Market report highly focuses on key industry players to identify the potential growth opportunities, along with the increased marketing activities is projected to accelerate market growth throughout the forecast period. Additionally, the market is expected to grow immensely throughout the forecast period owing to some primary factors fuelling the growth of this global market. Finally, the report provides detailed profile and data information analysis of leading Environmental Remediation Technology company.

Environmental Remediation Technology Market by Regional Segments:

“The chapter on regional segmentation describes the regional aspects of the Environmental Remediation Technology market. This chapter explains the regulatory framework that is expected to affect the entire market. It illuminates the political scenario of the market and anticipates its impact on the market for Environmental Remediation Technology.

Middle East and Africa (GCC countries and Egypt)
North America (USA, Mexico and Canada)
South America (Brazil, etc.)
Europe (Turkey, Germany, Russia, United Kingdom, Italy, France, etc.)
Asia Pacific (Vietnam, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, Korea, Thailand, India, Indonesia and Australia)

“The Environmental Remediation Technology Market research presents a study by combining primary as well as secondary research. The report gives insights on the key factors concerned with generating and limiting Environmental Remediation Technology market growth. Additionally, the report also studies competitive developments, such as mergers and acquisitions, new partnerships, new contracts, and new product developments in the global Environmental Remediation Technology market. The past trends and future prospects included in this report makes it highly comprehensible for the analysis of the market. Moreover, The latest trends, product portfolio, demographics, geographical segmentation, and regulatory framework of the Environmental Remediation Technology market have also been included in the study.”

Original Source

April 23, 2020

Tiny polymer springs give a boost to environmental cleanup

Filed under: News — Tags: , , , — Devin Priester @ 8:45 am

Microscopic springs could make cleaning up groundwater much easier.

According to Scott Lyon with the Office of Engineering Communications with Princeton University:

“A study from Sujit Datta’s lab, led by graduate student Christopher Browne, found that a promising class of cleaning solutions behave in ways that both confound traditional fluid models and explain their usefulness to remediation efforts. Published March 2 in the Journal of Fluid Mechanics, the paper helps solve a decades-old puzzle about why these cleaners only work in some conditions.

“The fluids contain microscopic polymer strands that act like springs as they move through porous rocks. For reasons scientists are only beginning to understand, those springs can create tiny eddies in the pores, disturbing the flow and dislodging contaminants from the subterranean nooks and crannies. Browne’s paper shows that when pores are close enough together, the eddies synchronize across spaces and the effects become stronger. The researchers call it a bistability, referring to the two possible states of equilibrium. Bistability can be found throughout the physical world, in everything from light switches to cell division. Previous work had assumed there was only a single state in the structure of these fluids’ flow through pores.

“’What we found is that in a porous medium, instead of the flow being uniform throughout, some pores show one kind of flow structure and other pores show another — a form of bistability,’ said Datta, an assistant professor of chemical and biological engineering and the paper’s senior author. ‘If we understand how these structures form, then we can predict how the fluid will behave.’

“Polymer fluids could be an effective tool in cleaning crude oil, mercury and other contaminants from polluted aquifers. But not knowing precisely how these fluids work, and not being able to predict their effects, renders them dangerous in sensitive environments. Engineers remain wary of their use because, in some cases, using the wrong solution can make matters worse. Solving the cleanup problem means getting a closer look at this springy action underground.

“The question has nagged at researchers for more than 10 years. While progress has been made on understanding the effects of pore shape and size, Browne’s study is the first to show the effects of pore spacing, opening a new line of investigation that could finally bring the fluids’ potential within reach.

“’If we can have a good fundamental model of how [the polymers] flow in real geometries, then, if you have a groundwater aquifer with a spill, using these models you could potentially say, ‘yes, a polymer will or won’t help,’ and then, ‘this is how you should use that polymer,’ Browne said.

“Key to this study is Datta’s uncanny ability to see through walls — to create model environments from clear materials that mimic underground conditions, then use specialized images to analyze the flow.

“The team used 3D printing to create rock-like pores and forced the fluid through at high pressure. As the data came in, they realized the flow through the little nooks was more chaotic than the math predicted. As they changed the spacing, the data changed, too. That change raised a new question about the fluid’s behavior, which the paper answers. When pores are close together, the springs don’t have time to settle from one pore to the next. The reverberations accumulate backward like a highway pileup. Extrapolated to real world scenarios, with three dimensions and a lot more disorder, the newly observed effect fills in some of the gaps, so to speak, in scientists’ understanding of polymer solutions’ behavior. It’s an example of how Datta’s lab breaks complex fluid problems into manageable parts, then combines them piece by piece to illuminate the underlying reality.

“’We take those simplified geometries and slowly extend them to more realistic geometries,’ Browne said. ‘In a real pore space, you have lots of rock grains of different shapes and sizes packed together.’

“Browne worked closely with Princeton senior Audrey Shih, who analyzed data and helped design aspects of the experiment. As part of her junior thesis and summer work supported by an internship through the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment, Shih came up with a way to systematically examine the spacing variable.

“’Audrey really took this project to heart and waded through the literature,’ Datta said. Based on that wading, the researchers also published a review paper in the journal Small.

“Datta said the collaboration between Browne and Shih, particularly sophisticated in this case, left a strong impression on him: graduate student mentoring undergraduate, designing an experiment that chipped away at a long-standing environmental problem, creating an approach that’s opened new questions for the field.

“’It was beautiful the way they worked together,’ he said.”

Original Source

April 22, 2020

April 22, 2020 ERG and Earth Day

ERG Celebrates Earth Day 2020!

Earth Day Free activity coloring pages packet for kids and adults recycling household hazardous waste

ERGearthdaypacket2020

ERG Environmental Services celebrates #earthday today and every day!

We have put together a small packet of activity pages for kids-young and older. Just click on the blue link above for your packet.

Earth Day isn’t just about recycling soup cans.  It’s about #householdhazardousWaste!  We call it #HHW

We realize this is a rough time for children and families.  ERG is here to support your efforts in recycling your household hazardous waste.  We find this information important to pass it down to the next generation of young recyclers!  As we celebrate #Earthday2020,  take some time with the people in your life to think about how important it is to protect our planet.  Enjoy the packet of activity pages! Feel free to go to our #HHW page for more details about our Recycling Drop Off Center.

https://ergenvironmental.com/services-listing/household-hazardous-waste-drop-off/

Our Recycling Drop Off Center now has special COVID19 protective equipment and procedures for your safety and ours.

ERG Decon sanitizing COVID19 Coronavirus environmental services We are scheduling disinfecting projects now

ERG Environmental Services Livonia Michigan Serving the Great Lakes Region  sanitizing COVID19 Coronavirus environmental services We are scheduling disinfecting projects now

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Here’s a great list of accepted items:

Old Nail Polish

Adhesives

Oil-based paints/stains

Batteries

Paint Thinners

Herbicides

Pesticides

Household Cleaners/Chemicals

Household/Automotive Lubricants

Motor Oil

Pool & Spa Chemicals

Medications

Ammonia

Gasoline

Light Bulbs / Fluorescent Tubes

Antifreeze

Transmission Fluid

Brake Fluid

Mercury: Mercury devices: thermostats and thermometers are $0.75 per pound.

Liquid Mercury (quicksilver) $30 per pound, 1 pound minimum.

Used Computers / Monitors / Keyboards

Printers

Aerosol Cans / ANY

Propane

Solvents

Wood Stripper

Electronics/ Cell Phones/ Gaming Systems/ TV’s

Used Needles (Must be in hard rigid containers)

NOW ACCEPTING HOUSEHOLD FREON APPLIANCES
Pricing: $50 per Freon containing appliance.
Household appliances containing the refrigerant, freon, ie; Minibar refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners, dehumidifiers, and water coolers, A/C unit, mini-refrigerator(dorm size), wine coolers, etc

 

We do not accept full-sized refrigerators.

We accept these items at our recycling drop off center-check the website for fees & hours.

 

Here’s a list of 10 action items that you,  your friends and family can take today for a better planet.

  1. Walk, bike, or carpool with a friend to work, whenever possible.
  2. Treasure hunt for HHW around the house and drop off at ERG.  (use the list as a checklist)
  3. Stop using plastic water bottles.
  4. Opt for reusable grocery bags.
  5. Save paper by paying your bills online.
  6. Switch to glass instead of plastic.
  7. Grow your own fruits and vegetables in a garden.
  8. Volunteer and participate in a community cleanup day/OR Perform a road or street litter patrol.
  9. Learn about more ways to recycle.  https://ergenvironmental.com/services-listing/household-hazardous-waste-drop-off/
  10. Reduce waste at home and work.

Thank You…

Thank you for your support and recycling efforts,  If you are in need of a disinfecting service due to COVID19 or need any other product or further information,  go to our “Contact Us” form,  please complete. We will contact you soon.

Contact Us: https://ergenvironmental.com/contact-us/

Products:  Paper products https://ergenvironmental.com/product-category/sorbents-and-spill-clean-up/?fb_style=Tissue

Products:  Soaps & Sanitizers https://ergenvironmental.com/product-category/sorbents-and-spill-clean-up/?fb_style=Soap

Enjoy Earth Day!

April 15, 2020

Managing Remediation Waste From Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Cleanups

Filed under: News,PCB Management — Devin Priester @ 6:51 am

What is PCB Remediation Waste?

PCB remediation waste is waste containing PCBs from a spill, release or other unauthorized disposal of PCBs, depending on the concentration of the source of PCBs, the date of release, the current PCB concentration in the materials, and whether the original source was authorized for use. The complete definition of PCB remediation waste can be found in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) in section 761.3. PCB remediation waste can include the following: ​

  • Soil
  • Gravel
  • Concrete
  • Buildings
  • Other man-made structures

What are the Cleanup and Disposal Options for PCB Remediation Waste?

The PCB regulations include three options for management of PCB remediation waste. They can be found in 40 CFR part 761.

  1. Self-implementing cleanup and disposal (40 CFR section 761.61(a))

The self-implementing option links cleanup levels with the expected occupancy rates of the area or building where the contaminated materials are present.

Along with some other factors, the disposal requirements for the self-implementing regulatory option vary based on the type of contaminated material and concentration of PCBs in the materials. You must notify EPA if you intend to utilize the self-implementing option.

Consider using Tool 3, TSCA Self-Implementing PCB Cleanups Checklist, on page 29 of the PCB Facility Approval Streamlining Toolbox (PCB FAST).

For sampling porous surfaces, the Standard Operating Procedure linked below describes how to sample both hard and soft porous surfaces:

  • Standard Operating Procedure for Sampling Porous Surfaces for PCBs
  1. Performance-based disposal (40 CFR section 761.61(b))

Through this option, facilities:

  • Dispose of contaminated non-liquid materials in a Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) chemical waste landfill,
  • Dispose of contaminated non-liquid materials in a TSCA incinerator,
  • Dispose of contaminated non-liquid materials in a TSCA-approved alternate disposal method,
  • Decontaminate non-liquid contaminated material under TSCA-regulated decontamination procedures, or
  • Dispose of non-liquid contaminated materials in a facility with a coordinated approval issued under TSCA

Section 761.61(b) only addresses disposal of PCB remediation waste. EPA notification and approval is not required under this option, however, you are encouraged to contact your Regional PCB Coordinator with questions. Facilities are required to follow any manifesting, transportation and storage requirements that may apply. Performance based disposal may be used for sites of any size.

If someone were to avail themselves of performance based disposal under section 761.61(b), but leave materials on-site > 1 ppm, they would still have TSCA obligations for those remaining materials.

  1. Risk-based cleanup and disposal (40 CFR section 761.61(c))

The risk-based option allows for a site-specific approval to sample, cleanup, or dispose of PCB remediation waste in a manner other than the self-implementing or the performance-based disposal options.

This option requires you to obtain an approval from EPA based on a finding that the proposal will not present an unreasonable risk of injury to health or the environment.

Consider using Tool 4, TSCA Risk-Based PCB Cleanups Checklist, provided in the PCB Facility Approval Streamlining Toolbox (PCB FAST) on page 39.

PCB Facility Approval Streamlining Toolbox (PCB FAST)

The PCB Facility Approval Streamlining Toolbox (PCB FAST) is designed to help Responsible Parties (RPs) and regulators, whenever possible, reduce delays, improve communication, and increase efficiency in the cleanup and disposal of PCBs at a site. PCB FAST focuses on establishing a collaborative working relationship between EPA and the RPs and providing tools to be used by RPs to prepare adequate and appropriate cleanup notifications and applications. The Toolbox includes guidance, process flow maps, and checklists to facilitate streamlined cleanup processes. These resources can be customized to meet each site or Region’s needs.

PCB FAST includes the following tools that may be accessed by the above link:

  • Tool 1: Initial Discussion with Responsible Party Checklist
  • Tool 2: PCB Sites Cleanup Framework
  • Tool 3: TSCA Self‐Implementing PCB Cleanups Checklist – 61(a)
  • Tool 4: TSCA Risk‐Based PCB Cleanups Checklist – 61(c)

PCB Spill Cleanup Policy Guidance Manuals

The PCB Spill Cleanup Policy is intended for fresh spills of liquid PCBs. The Policy is referenced in 40 CFR 761 Subpart G. The PCB Spill Cleanup Policy is an enforcement policy, not a regulation.

In addition to other applicability limitations found in 40 CFR section 761.120, this policy only applies to spills less than 72 hours old. The use of the methods in this guidance manuals is an option, not a requirement.

If the reader has any questions about the interpretation or applicability of the Policy, the reader should contact the Regional PCB Coordinator in the EPA Region where the spill occurred.

Original Source

April 12, 2020

Household Hazardous Waste (HHW)

Filed under: Hazardous Waste,Household Hazardous,Household Hazardous Waste,News — Devin Priester @ 6:31 am

Household hazardous waste (HHW) includes products that we purchase and use every day in our homes that can harm us or the environment if they are not handled properly.  Use the following resources to locate HHW drop-off locations in Michigan:

HHW Hazards

Common household products that are a HHW when discarded are shown below. To see if a material is a HHW, look for words such as ‘warning,’ ‘caution,’ ‘flammable,’ ‘toxic,’ ‘poison,’ ‘corrosive,’ ‘oxidizer,’ etc. on the labels. If you have leftover, unwanted household materials that are hazardous, it is best to routinely take them to a local HHW collection if one is available. Never pour HHW into a storm drain or down a drain in your home.  If a collection is not available, contact your trash hauler to see if there are special instructions for safely disposing of the material in the regular trash.

Questions About Health Effects

For help with questions about the health effects from contaminants in the home and environment, contact the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Toxics Hotline at 800-648-6942.  DHHS has toxicologists on hand to answer questions from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday. For help if someone accidentally swallows something that may be toxic, contact the Michigan Poison Center at 800-222-1222 or call your local emergency responder phone number for help.


REDUCE HHW

  • Check the label before you buy – If you see a cautionary notice, understand that this material will become a household hazardous waste if not used up properly.
  • Use the product as the manufacturer instructs – Companies are required to test their products to comply with federal regulations. Directions should be followed to get maximum benefit from the products you use without compromising your safety.
  • Buy only what you need – Some products cost more to dispose than they do to purchase. So use forethought when purchasing products that may be costly for you or your community to dispose.
  • Store products safely – Children, pets, and others may accidentally injure themselves if products are not safely stored. So make sure these types of materials are stored according to manufacturer instructions, out of harm’s way. If you have questions about proper handling of household hazardous waste, contact your County Recycling and HHW Coordinator, wastewater treatment plant or department of public works.

HHW MATERIALS

  • Acids/Bases – Materials like muriatic acid, battery acid, trisodium phosphate and swimming pool chemicals can readily burn skin.  See the lists/directories at the top of this page for collection options for corrosive materials.
  • Adhesives – Solvent-based adhesives can be toxic and ignitable.  Examples of solvent-based adhesives include instant super glue, shoe glue, flooring and roofing adhesive.
  • Aerosol Cans – Many products are delivered in aerosol cans. Aerosol cans are used to deliver cooking sprays, degreasing materials, lubricating materials, and even medications.  Aerosol cans often contain materials that are ignitable, corrosive, and toxic. When compacted, aerosol cans can also present an explosion hazard. Check with your local recycler to see if they accept empty aerosol cans without hazardous materials.  If they don’t, see the lists/directories at the top of this page for additional aerosol can collection options near you.
  • Ammunition/Fireworks – Ammunition, fireworks, and flares that are no longer needed or may be compromised due to age, moisture impact of or other factors may remain explosive and should be handled through a household hazardous waste collection or hazardous waste vendor when disposed.  See the lists/directories at the top of this page for explosive device collection options near you.
  • Antifreeze – Antifreeze is a mixture of water, coolant, and additives. It is used to protect engines and other equipment from overheating and corroding.  It also protects engines from freezing in low temperatures. If you maintain your personal vehicles, boats, or home solar collectors, you may have waste antifreeze.  Waste antifreeze when ingested can harm the kidneys, nervous system, lungs and heart. See the lists/directories at the top of this page for antifreeze collection options near you.
  • Batteries – Batteries are used in many products. They contain metals that may be toxic and acids that can burn. Lead acid batteries are found in cars. Dry cell batteries are commonly used in flashlights and toys. Rechargeable batteries are often found in power tools, cameras, and phones. Button batteries or lithium batteries are often found in hearing aids, watches, and other small electronic devices. See the US DOT advisory of battery transport and consider taping the ends of dry cell, rechargeable, and lithium batteries so they do not touch each other and potentially spark during transport. See the lists/directories at the top of this page for battery collection options near you.  If a convenient drop-off location is not available through those resources, the Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation sponsors free collection and recycling of rechargeable batteries throughout the country in cooperation with retail partners.
  • Beauty Aids – Materials like hair spray, nail polish remover, and perfume often contain petrochemicals in them and can be ignitable. See the lists/directories at the top of this page for options to recycling beauty aids.
  • Cleansers – Cleansers often have a very high or very low pH and can burn the skin. See the lists/directories at the top of this page for collection options for corrosive materials.
  • Compressed Gas Cylinders – Compressed gas cylinders, like small and large propane canisters pose an explosion hazard and contain a flammable gas.  See the lists/directories at the top of this page for collection options for compressed gas cylinders that cannot be exchanged for recycling at the time of purchase of a replacement cylinder.  If a collection option is not available, some scrap metal recyclers or commercial gas cylinder or welding suppliers may be able to help identify local collection options.
  • Electronic Cigarettes (e-cigs or vapes) – E-cigs or vapes may have nicotine in them which is toxic and a lithium battery which may spark and cause a fire.  Where available, e-cigs and vapes should be taken to a collection so the toxic nicotine component can be incinerated.  In some cases, the lithium battery may be able to be recycled too, depending on the type of e-cig and vape.  See the lists above for drop off location options for these materials.
  • Electronic Waste (e-waste) – Electronics, such as computers, computer monitors, televisions, laptops, VCRs, cell phones, printers, computer mice, remote controls, telephones, video games, fax machines, and printers, often contain toxic materials such as lead, cadmium, chromium, mercury, and fire retardants.  See the lists/directories at the top of this page for options to recycle e-waste.  To find a registered manufacturer collection program website, see the EGLE Registered Electronic Waste Take Back Program List and learn more about the EGLE’s e-waste program at Michigan.gov/EGLEeWaste.
  • Foam Food Containers and Packing Materials – Foam food containers or packing materials are made from polystyrene. Like plastic, they are not biodegradable. Where available recycling clean foam containers is encouraged.  See the Home for Foam map of foam recycling drop of programs to find recycling locations near you.
  • Gasoline and Other Solvents – Gasoline and other fuels are ignitable and toxic. So are most solvents. Breathing even small amounts of vapors can cause nose and throat irritation, breathing difficulties, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and confusion.  See the lists/directories at the top of this page for options to recycle gasoline and solvents.
  • Light Bulbs – Compact fluorescent lights (CFLs), traditional fluorescent bulbs, green tip fluorescent bulbs, light emitting diode bulbs, and high intensity discharge lamps are a popular way to reduce energy use, but may include toxic materials like mercury, lead, and arsenic. See the lists/directories at the top of this page for options to recycle light bulbs. For information about how to respond to a mercury spill in your home, see Michigan.gov/Mercury and the “Mercury Spill Quick Guide” and “How to Clean Up a Broken CFL.”
  • Medications – Medications are biologically active chemicals. When not secured and taken as directed, they can be toxic and addictive. Medications should be stored in their original containers in a secure manner, so they are not easy to access. When they are no longer needed, they should be disposed through a household take back program where possible. Search the EGLE interactive map to locate controlled substance, solid medication and liquid medication collections across Michigan. To determine if your medication is a controlled substance, please see this list. If a collection is not available, follow the instruction in the Save a Life Card or MI EnviroMINUTE YouTube video. Learn more about drug disposal at Michigan.gov/EGLEDrugDisposal
  • Medical Infectious Waste – Medical waste includes materials like unwanted needles and lancets, also called sharps. Where a collection is available, these items are generally disinfected prior to being recycled or disposal. To find a medical waste collection, please see the EGLE interactive map or contact your County Recycling and HHW Coordinator. Learn more about medical waste disposal at Michigan.gov/EGLEMedWaste
  • Mercury – For decades mercury has received attention as a serious pollutant because it is toxic and it bioaccumulates in living organisms. Mercury can be found in unwanted thermostats and thermometer. See the lists/directories at the top of this page for options to recycle elemental mercury
  • Paints and Stains – Oil-based paint and stains often contain toxic solvents and pigments. Latex paint sometimes contains toxic pigments.  See the lists/directories at the top of this page for options to recycle paints and stains. For additional options for paint recycling, search PaintCare Inc. drop off sites.
  • Pesticides – Pesticides are designed to be toxic, so they should be managed carefully and taken to a collection that will provide for them to be incinerated, to destroy the chemicals in the pesticides. Be sure to follow the label instructions at all times as required by law. See the lists/directories at the top of this page for options to have unwanted pesticides incinerated.
  • Smoke Detectors – Some smoke detectors use a tiny radioactive source to detect smoke.  You will know if it does because it will have a radiation symbol printed on its label. The best way to get rid of a smoke detector with a radioactive source is to send it back to the manufacturer. Check the label for contact information or check this list published by the United States Postal Service. If the manufacturer does not have a take back program and the smoke detector HAS NOT been damaged, it is safe to dispose of it by ordinary municipal trash. If the smoke detector HAS been damaged, please contact EGLE Radioactive Materials Unit at RadioactiveMaterial@Michigan.gov so that we can help ensure that it is disposed of safely.
  • Tires – Scrap tires pose a fire risk and a human health risk as mosquito breeding grounds. Learn more about scrap tire handling, disposal and recycling requirements, see Michigan.gov/ScrapTires.  See the EGLE list of registered scrap tire collection sites to find a location that can take your unwanted tires.
  • Used Motor Oil – Oil picks up small particles of metal and dirt as it lubricates a car engine which can make it toxic. See the Household Do-It-Yourselfer (DIY) Used Motor Oil and Filters Guide to learn more about recycling household used oil. See the lists/directories at the top of this page for options to recycle used motor oil.

Original Source

April 1, 2020

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

Filed under: News,PCB Management — Devin Priester @ 6:22 am

What Are PCBs?

PCBs are a group of man-made organic chemicals consisting of carbon, hydrogen and chlorine atoms. The number of chlorine atoms and their location in a PCB molecule determine many of its physical and chemical properties. PCBs have no known taste or smell, and range in consistency from an oil to a waxy solid.

PCBs belong to a broad family of man-made organic chemicals known as chlorinated hydrocarbons. PCBs were domestically manufactured from 1929 until manufacturing was banned in 1979. They have a range of toxicity and vary in consistency from thin, light-colored liquids to yellow or black waxy solids. Due to their non-flammability, chemical stability, high boiling point and electrical insulating properties, PCBs were used in hundreds of industrial and commercial applications including:

  • Electrical, heat transfer and hydraulic equipment
  • Plasticizers in paints, plastics and rubber products
  • Pigments, dyes and carbonless copy paper
  • Other industrial applications

Commercial Uses for PCBs

Although no longer commercially produced in the United States, PCBs may be present in products and materials produced before the 1979 PCB ban. Products that may contain PCBs include:

  • Transformers and capacitors
  • Electrical equipment including voltage regulators, switches, re-closers, bushings, and electromagnets
  • Oil used in motors and hydraulic systems
  • Old electrical devices or appliances containing PCB capacitors
  • Fluorescent light ballasts
  • Cable insulation
  • Thermal insulation material including fiberglass, felt, foam, and cork
  • Adhesives and tapes
  • Oil-based paint
  • Caulking
  • Plastics
  • Carbonless copy paper
  • Floor finish

The PCBs used in these products were chemical mixtures made up of a variety of individual chlorinated biphenyl components known as congeners. Most commercial PCB mixtures are known in the United States by their industrial trade names, the most common being Arochlor.

Release and Exposure of PCBs

Today, PCBs can still be released into the environment from:

  • Poorly maintained hazardous waste sites that contain PCBs
  • Illegal or improper dumping of PCB wastes
  • Leaks or releases from electrical transformers containing PCBs
  • Disposal of PCB-containing consumer products into municipal or other landfills not designed to handle hazardous waste
  • Burning some wastes in municipal and industrial incinerators

PCBs do not readily break down once in the environment. They can remain for long periods cycling between air, water and soil. PCBs can be carried long distances and have been found in snow and sea water in areas far from where they were released into the environment. As a consequence, they are found all over the world. In general, the lighter the form of PCB, the further it can be transported from the source of contamination.

PCBs can accumulate in the leaves and above-ground parts of plants and food crops. They are also taken up into the bodies of small organisms and fish. As a result, people who ingest fish may be exposed to PCBs that have bio accumulated in the fish they are ingesting.

The National Center for Health Statistics, a division of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, conducts the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). NHANES is a series of U.S. national surveys on the health and nutrition status of the noninstitutionalized civilian population, which includes data collection on selected chemicals. Interviews and physical examinations are conducted with approximately 10,000 people in each two-year survey cycle. PCBs are one of the chemicals where data are available from the NHANES surveys.

PCB Congeners

A PCB congener is any single, unique well-defined chemical compound in the PCB category. The name of a congener specifies the total number of chlorine substituents, and the position of each chlorine. For example: 4,4′-Dichlorobiphenyl is a congener comprising the biphenyl structure with two chlorine substituents – one on each of the #4 carbons of the two rings. In 1980, a numbering system was developed which assigned a sequential number to each of the 209 PCB congeners.

PCB Homologs

Homologs are subcategories of PCB congeners that have equal numbers of chlorine substituents. For example, the tetrachlorobiphenyls are all PCB congeners with exactly 4 chlorine substituents that can be in any arrangement.

PCB Mixtures and Trade Names

With few exceptions, PCBs were manufactured as a mixture of individual PCB congeners. These mixtures were created by adding progressively more chlorine to batches of biphenyl until a certain target percentage of chlorine by weight was achieved. Commercial mixtures with higher percentages of chlorine contained higher proportions of the more heavily chlorinated congeners, but all congeners could be expected to be present at some level in all mixtures. While PCBs were manufactured and sold under many names, the most common was the Aroclor series.

Aroclor

Aroclor is a PCB mixture produced from approximately 1930 to 1979. It is one of the most commonly known trade names for PCB mixtures. There are many types of Aroclors and each has a distinguishing suffix number that indicates the degree of chlorination. The numbering standard for the different Aroclors is as follows:

  • The first two digits usually refer to the number of carbon atoms in the phenyl rings (for PCBs this is 12)
  • The second two numbers indicate the percentage of chlorine by mass in the mixture. For example, the name Aroclor 1254 means that the mixture contains approximately 54% chlorine by weight.

PCB Trade Names

PCBs were manufactured and sold under many different names. The names in the following table have been used to refer to PCBs or to products containing PCBs. Please note:

  • Some of these names may be used for substances or mixtures not containing PCBs.
  • Many of these names were used with distinguishing suffixes, indicating degree of chlorination, type of formulation, or other properties (e.g., Aroclor 1254; Clophen A60).
  • Some of these names may be misspellings of the correct names, but are included here for completeness.

PCB Trade Names

Aceclor Diaclor PCB
Adkarel Dicolor PCB’s
ALC Diconal PCBs
Apirolio Diphenyl, chlorinated Pheaoclor
Apirorlio DK Phenochlor
Arochlor Duconal Phenoclor
Arochlors Dykanol Plastivar
Aroclor Educarel Polychlorinated biphenyl
Aroclors EEC-18 Polychlorinated biphenyls
Arubren Elaol Polychlorinated diphenyl
Asbestol Electrophenyl Polychlorinated diphenyls
ASK Elemex Polychlorobiphenyl
Askael Elinol Polychlorodiphenyl
Askarel Eucarel Prodelec
Auxol Fenchlor Pydrau
Bakola Fenclor Pyraclor
Biphenyl, chlorinated Fenocloro Pyralene
Chlophen Gilotherm Pyranol
Chloretol Hydol Pyroclor
Chlorextol Hyrol Pyronol
Chlorinated biphenyl Hyvol Saf-T-Kuhl
Chlorinated diphenyl Inclor Saf-T-Kohl
Chlorinol Inerteen Santosol
Chlorobiphenyl Inertenn Santotherm
Chlorodiphenyl Kanechlor Santothern
Chlorphen Kaneclor Santovac
Chorextol Kennechlor Solvol
Chorinol Kenneclor Sorol
Clophen Leromoll Soval
Clophenharz Magvar Sovol
Cloresil MCS 1489 Sovtol
Clorinal Montar Terphenychlore
Clorphen Nepolin Therminal
Decachlorodiphenyl No-Flamol Therminol
Delor NoFlamol Turbinol
Delorene Non-Flamol
Olex-sf-d
Orophene

 

Health Effects of PCBs

PCBs have been demonstrated to cause a variety of adverse health effects. They have been shown to cause cancer in animals as well as a number of serious non-cancer health effects in animals, including: effects on the immune system, reproductive system, nervous system, endocrine system and other health effects. Studies in humans support evidence for potential carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic effects of PCBs. The different health effects of PCBs may be interrelated. Alterations in one system may have significant implications for the other systems of the body. The potential health effects of PCB exposure are discussed in greater detail below.

  • Cancer
  • Non-Cancer Effects
  • Immune Effects
  • Reproductive Effects
  • Neurological Effects
  • Endocrine Effects
  • Other Non-cancer Effects
  • Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

Laws and Regulations

Statute: Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)

The Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 provides EPA with authority to require reporting, record-keeping and testing requirements, and restrictions relating to chemical substances and/or mixtures, including PCBs. Some substances are generally excluded from TSCA, including but not limited to, food, drugs, cosmetics and pesticides. TSCA addresses the production, importation, use and disposal of specific chemicals including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), asbestos, radon and lead-based paint. For more information see EPAs Summary of the Toxic Substance Control Act page.

PCB Regulations: Part 761 in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations

Current PCB regulations, published pursuant to the TSCA statute, can be found in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) in Part 761. The Government Printing Office maintains the most current version of the CFR. View PCB regulations in the electronic-CFR. For useful interpretation of the regulations as well as answers to frequently asked questions please visit EPA’s Policy and Guidance for PCBs page.

Detailed List of PCB Federal Register Notices (As of September 6, 2012)

EPA publishes information about the PCB program through the Federal Register. The Federal Register Notices listed below include PCB-related rules (proposed and final), notices of public meetings, responses to official comments, etc. This is not a comprehensive list of current regulations. A searchable listing of EPA’s Register Notices can be found on the Federal Digital System web page.

PCBs and Hazardous Waste

PCBs are not defined as hazardous wastes (Memo, Weddle to Verde; May 18, 1984 – RCRA Online Number 12235).  However, it is possible that PCBs may be incidental contaminants in listed hazardous waste (e.g., solvent used to remove PCBs from transformers) or may be present in wastes that are characteristically hazardous. In these cases, wastes that otherwise meet a listing criteria or are characteristically hazardous are still subject to RCRA regulation regardless of PCB content.

However, to avoid duplicative regulation with Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), certain PCB containing wastes that exhibit the toxicity characteristic are exempt from regulation under RCRA (Monthly Call Center Report Question; September 1996 – RCRA Online Number 14014). Section 261.8 exempts from RCRA Subtitle C regulation PCB-containing dielectric fluid and the electric equipment which holds such fluid if they satisfy two criteria. First, these PCB wastes must be regulated under the TSCA standards of Part 761. Second, only the PCB wastes which exhibit the toxicity characteristic for an organic constituent (waste codes D018-43) may qualify for the exemption (§261.8).

States may also have a regulatory program which is more stringent or broader in scope than the Federal program.  Many state have expanded their universe of regulated wastes to cover additional waste (e.g., PCBs) not defined as hazardous under the Federal program.  Individuals should check with their state to see if they are subject to any state requirements.

Additional information regarding the regulation of PCBs under RCRA is available in the following guidance documents:

  • Memo, Lowrance to Wassersug; September 22, 1989 – RCRA Online Number 11470
  • Memo, Porter to McCloskey; April 26, 1986 – RCRA Online Number 11144

Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs): Revisions to Manifesting Regulations

EPA updated and clarified several sections of the PCB regulations associated with the manifesting requirements. This was done to the greatest extent possible to match the manifesting requirements for PCBs under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) to those of Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).

  • Federal Register: Proposed Rule – September 6, 2012

The docket for this rulemaking is EPA-HQ-RCRA-2011-0524 and can be accessed at Regulations.gov.

The comment period closed November 5, 2012. No adverse comments on the rule were received, so the direct final rule took effect December 5, 2012.

  • Federal Register: Direct Final Rule – September 6, 2012

Frequent Questions about Revisions to Manifesting Regulations

  • Why has EPA developed these changes?

EPA issued this direct final rule to update and clarify several sections of the PCB regulations associated with manifesting requirements. This update streamlined regulations for the safe management of PCBs making it easier for industry to understand and follow PCB manifest regulations. Specifically, this update matches the manifesting requirements for PCBs under the TSCA to those of RCRA to the greatest extent possible.

  • What new regulations are involved in this change?

The existing PCB manifest regulations are in 40 CFR part 761. The RCRA manifest regulations are in 40 CFR parts 262, 263, and 264. Since the promulgation of the PCB manifest regulations, several updates have been made to the RCRA manifest regulations where the corresponding changes have not been made to the PCB manifest regulations. The intent of these changes is to align the manifesting requirements for PCBs with the RCRA hazardous waste requirements. These changes are necessary because PCB wastes are manifested using the RCRA Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest. PCB waste handlers and generators must also adhere to the more recent RCRA hazardous waste manifest regulations, while still accounting for certain unique PCB manifest regulations. Since PCBs are manifested using the same manifest as RCRA hazardous waste, all changes to part 761 are being implemented by PCB waste handlers and generators. This does not include the exemption to manifest waste transported on a right-of-way (40 CFR 262.20(f)).

  • What RCRA manifest regulatory requirements do not exist in the PCB manifest regulations?

EPA compared the PCB manifest regulations (40 CFR part 761) to the RCRA manifest regulations (40 CFR parts 262, 263, and 264) to determine which sections from the RCRA manifest regulations do not exist in the PCB manifest regulations. Below is a table of the regulations from 40 CFR parts 262-264 EPA is adding to 40 CFR part 761 where the content of the section will be new to 40 CFR part 761. Like the other changes in this rule, explanations for the changes below are included in the subsequent sections in this direct final rule. In addition to this direct final rule, EPA will include in the docket a crosswalk between the RCRA manifest regulations and the PCB manifest regulations.

40 CFR Section Brief Description of RCRA Regulation
262.20(c) Designating an alternate facility on the manifest
262.20(f) Manifesting exemption for the transport of waste on a public or private right-of-way within or along the border of contiguous property
262.23(f) Generator requirements for rejected shipments returned by the receiving facility back to the generator. (Language on non-empty containers and residues is not relevant to PCB waste.)
262.40(b) Three-year exception report retention requirement for generators
263.21(a)(2) Alternate designated facility is listed as one of the options that the transporter must deliver the waste to
263.21(b)(2) Partial and full load rejection requirements if the waste is rejected while the transporter is on the facility’s premises
264.71(a)(1) Facility signs and dates the manifest when the waste was received, except as noted in the discrepancy space of the manifest, or when the waste was rejected as noted in the manifest discrepancy space
264.72(a)(2) Definition of rejected wastes as manifest discrepancies
264.72(d) Upon rejecting waste, the facility must consult with the generator prior to forwarding the waste to another facility. The facility must send the waste to another facility or back to the generator within 60 days of the rejection. While making arrangements for the rejected waste, the facility must ensure that the transporter retains custody or the facility provides secure, temporary custody of the waste.
264.72(e) Facility requirements for preparing a new manifest for full or partial load rejections that are to be sent off-site to an alternate facility
264.72(f) Facility requirements for preparing a new manifest for rejected wastes that must be sent back to the generator
264.72(g) Facility requirements for amending the manifest for rejected wastes after the facility has signed, dated, and returned the manifest to the delivering transporter or to the generator
264.76(a)(6) Report on un-manifested waste must include the certification signed by the owner, operator, or authorized representative of the facility

 

Original Source

March 25, 2020

Waste Management Benefits, Planning and Mitigation Activities for Homeland Security Incidents

Filed under: News,Waste Management — Devin Priester @ 11:29 am

The primary goal of pre-incident waste management planning is to prepare a community to effectively manage waste, debris and materials generated by a homeland security incident, including reducing the potential amount of waste generated at the outset. Communities can follow EPA’s comprehensive Pre-incident All-Hazards Four Step Waste Management (WM) Planning Process or, if resources and time are limited, focus on one or more pre-incident planning activity at a time.

Benefits of Pre-incident Waste Management Planning

Nearly all incidents generate waste, debris and materials. While the amount of waste varies between incidents, the generated waste is often greater than the amount of waste many communities handle each year. Additionally, homeland security incidents may generate waste streams, such as chemical, biological and radiological-contaminated wastes, which typically are not handled by communities or waste management facilities. In addition to helping the whole community prepare for these potential wastes, pre-incident planning encompasses source reduction and hazard mitigation activities aimed at reducing the total amount of waste generated by an incident, especially for a large-scale natural disaster. While this pre-incident planning should be documented in a Waste Management Plan (WMP), the community’s preparation provides the most benefits, such as:

  • Saves valuable time and resources during an incident
  • Allows more efficient and effective waste management decision-making during an incident
  • Encourages stakeholders (e.g., state, local, tribal and territorial governments; owners of private storage, treatment and disposal facilities; residents) to work together before an incident occurs
  • Boosts the community’s resiliency, resulting in a quicker and less costly recovery to its pre-incident state
  • Enhances communities’ adaptation to the waste-related impacts of climate change
  • Minimally detracts from, or otherwise impacts, the broader response and recovery efforts due to the efficient implementation of waste management activities

Planning with Limited Time and Resources

Pre-incident planning can be done in stages. Below is a list of waste management planning activities that may provide the greatest benefit for a community that has limited resources and time to devote to planning. Small but significant steps taken prior to an incident can have a big impact on the efficiency and effectiveness of post-incident waste management decision-making.

For example, few facilities are able to accept radio logical-contaminated waste. Knowing where radio logical-contaminated waste can be taken EXIT and if it will be accepted by the facility before a radio logical incident occurs means that the site can be cleaned up faster (e.g., contaminated waste immediately can begin to be transported off-site to a permitted facility), limiting the possible spread of contamination (e.g., minimizes opportunities for radiation to spread into the surrounding environment due to weather and other factors). Even if a radio logical incident is unlikely to occur in a particular community, planning for radio logical contaminated waste has value beyond radio logical incidents. For example, a large-scale natural disaster may damage hospitals and generate mixed waste (i.e., waste containing both radioactive and hazardous waste components) that would need to be managed at an appropriate facility. Further ideas on planning activities can be found in the Pre-incident All-Hazards Four Step Waste Management (WM) Planning Process section.

  1. Consult with interested stakeholders
    • Which people in your community have information or resources related to various waste management-related activities? (e.g., transportation, sanitation, emergency response, environmental health, public health, public works, zoning, key industry and business leaders)
    • What is each stakeholder’s role and/or authority to act during an incident? (e.g., issue emergency declarations, issue permit waivers)
  2. Identify potential waste streams
    • What are the possible waste streams that an incident may generate in your community, considering the industrial, agricultural, residential and commercial aspects of the community?
    • Do any federal or local laws or regulations apply to the potential waste streams?
    • How much waste is expected to be generated by each waste stream EXIT, in relative terms?
    • Can the amount of potentially generated waste be reduced by means of source reduction (e.g., updating building codes for resilient building design and construction) or hazard mitigation (e.g., eliminating potential problematic wastes, such as retrofitting PCB transformers to reduce PCB-contaminated wastes) activities?
  3. Evaluate the reuse and recycling program
    • What reuse and recycling options (e.g., recycling facilities, end markets for reused and recycled products) currently are available to your community within and/or across jurisdictional lines?
    • Can the existing reuse and recycling program be scaled up to handle disaster-related wastes?
    • Does your community have green building programs, local waste management ordinances and/or building code requirements that encourage the creation and help maintain a robust reuse and recycling infrastructure?
  4. Consider waste collection strategies
    • How may the waste be separated into different waste streams before being removed from the site of the incident?
    • Can the volume of the waste be reduced?
    • How may the waste be collected and transported off-site after an incident?
  5. Determine locations or criteria for waste management sites
    • What locations are suitable for waste staging, storage and decontamination activities?
    • Are contracts pre-negotiated for those sites?
    • What criteria should be used for selecting appropriate sites for different waste streams, if locations cannot be pre-determined?
  6. Select potential waste management facilities
    • What reuse, composting, recycling, treatment and disposal options currently are available in your community, state or region EXIT?
    • Which waste streams may each waste management facility accept?
    • How much of each waste stream can each facility receive?
    • Under what conditions, if at all, will specific facilities accept the waste?
    • Are contracts pre-negotiated with these facilities, as well as with neighboring communities?
  7. Create a waste management-focused community outreach plan
    • How may your community be informed of waste management-related information, including the transportation and management of incident-related wastes in or near the community?
    • What are the most effective methods of notifying your community about the risks that each waste stream may present to human health and the environment?
    • Which people or groups in your community can help you spread important information?
    • What are possible ways to increase public understanding and acceptance of decontaminated wastes, reused materials and recycled products made from incident-related wastes?
  8. Address health and safety considerations for waste management operations
    • What are the risks associated with the potential waste streams and the use of decontamination technologies?
    • Do emergency personnel have appropriate training regarding waste handling and management?
    • Is personal protective equipment (PPE) available should an incident occur?

Inter relatedness of Pre-incident Waste Management Activities

Flow chart showing the interrelatedness of pre-incident waste management activities


Pre-incident All-Hazards Waste Management Planning Process

EPA’s pre-incident waste management planning process is designed to help communities prepare for an incident’s waste management needs, regardless of the hazard. This recommended process guides emergency managers and planners through four steps that cover the initiation, creation, updating and implementation of a waste management plan. The waste management planning process does not have to be completed at one time or by one person.

This is the 4 step process for planning the waste management process

 

March 18, 2020

Waste Management

Filed under: News,Waste Management — Devin Priester @ 11:26 am

In past centuries, waste disposal was up to the individual or the local departments of health and sanitation. There was little or no distinction made in the type of waste, nor was consideration taken regarding potential health, safety, or aesthetic consequences. At this time, disposal was mainly through incineration, land filling, or disposing into rivers and streams. It was assumed, for example, that the water sources would dissipate the waste and render it harmless.

However, growing urban populations and increasing manufacturing and industrial processes made managing waste a significant endeavor. The issue was brought to national attention when the severely polluted Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio caught fire in 1969. Since that time, waste management within the United States has changed considerably.

Although waste management in the United States is decentralized and diverse, many of the Federal waste laws over the past 30 years establish minimum standards which are often incorporated into state and local laws or regulations. And, while states have the right to create more stringent standards, they cannot lessen the requirements. Federal waste laws are usually enforced by state and local governments with close federal oversight, primarily by the Environmental Protection Agency.

The goals of waste management are to minimize waste quantity, reduce the amount of raw materials consumed, dispose of non-hazardous waste cost-effectively, and dispose of hazardous waste with minimal risk to human health and the environment. Communities use a variety of methods to manage wastes depending on the type of waste involved. Methods used include landfilling, incineration, and composting, with both upstream and downstream separation of usable materials for recycling. There is also an increasing interest and awareness in the reuse of materials, as well as in source reduction through product redesign and efficient packaging. Together these are often referred to as the ?3Rs?—reduce, reuse, and recycle.

Recommended Resources

Waste Treatment/Control
The EPA’s main directory for information on facilitating waste treatment and control in the U.S. provides education on best practices, new technologies, and current regulations.

Recycling/Pollution Prevention
The EPA’s main directory for initiatives promoting recycling and waste minimization explains the benefits, new technologies and their practical application, and provides access to data and publications.

Laws & Treaties

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
Since its inception in 1976, RCRA and its amendments has been the most significant waste management legislation in American history. It creates a step-by-step management approach restricting and controlling the treatment, storage, and disposal of waste onto the land; mandates a permitting system to ensure safe management of hazardous waste; and implements a system to track hazardous waste as it moves from ‘cradle-to-grave.’

Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA)
CERCLA, amended in 1996 as the Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act (SARA), created ‘Superfund’ to address spills of hazardous waste and the clean-up of old, abandoned sites. It also requires major industries to report releases, transfers, and recycling of toxic chemicals to the EPA as part of the Toxics Release Inventory Program.

Safe Drinking Water Act
This act, in addition to RCRA, protects groundwater sources of potable water, mandates source prevention of pollution to surface waters, and regulates the underground injection of industrial and hazardous wastes.

Pollution Prevention Act (PPA) of 1990
The PPA established federal priorities for preferred types of municipal and industrial solid waste management methods.

Original Source

March 11, 2020

3 Important Waste Management Services That Help Protect Our Environment

Filed under: News,Waste Management — Devin Priester @ 11:26 am

Waste management specialists are always looking for ways to enhance their eco-friendliness, and the best companies will offer a wide array of services to ensure that all waste is properly disposed. These waste management services are particularly important for C&D operations, and without these specialists, the large buildings we live and work in would not be possible.

Through a combination of landfill services, recycling initiatives, and ancillary services like roll off container rental, the best waste management services take a comprehensive approach to solid waste disposal. The U.S. produced over 250 million tons of municipal solid waste per year over the last decade, and the Earth would be in a far worse place if it weren’t for eco-conscious waste management services. Here are three of the most important solid waste services that are building a better tomorrow for future generations:

* Landfill services. Construction and demolition jobs produce a hefty amount of debris, and it all needs a place to go once the task is complete. Landfill services provide C&D companies with just that, and separating this waste from other solid waste is a major step in protecting the environment. From asphalt/rock to lumber/wood, glass, and metal, these waste management services can transport debris to the appropriate landfill and make your job much easier.

* Recycling. Despite being readily available to most Americans, the lack of focus on recycling in the U.S. is truly disturbing. The EPA estimates that 75% of the American waste stream is recyclable, yet we only recycle about 30% of it. The best waste management services comb through their loads to ensure that no reusable goods are being put into landfills. Once we begin to emphasize recycling, the environment will improve by leaps and bounds, and we can reap the benefits. In fact, recycling just one aluminum can save enough energy to listen to a full album on your iPod, and recycling 100 cans could light your bedroom for two whole weeks.

* Roll off container rental. When performing jobs like remodeling a home or demolishing a building, you will produce a large amount of debris that cannot be placed in normal landfills. Waste management services can provide you with both a roll off container to store this debris as well as an appropriate landfill to dispose of it. Sometimes, people in these situations get lazy and throw debris in the trash, which is one of the reasons that our environment continues to decline in quality.

Improving our solid waste disposal habits is the path to a healthier future, and that’s exactly what the best waste management services are striving to achieve. Invest in an eco-friendly waste management service and, more importantly, invest in tomorrow.

Here’s How a Eco-Friendly Waste Management Service Can Enhance Your Production
Municipal and industrial entities produce large amounts of waste every single day, and this waste can have a dramatic impact on the environment if it isn’t being properly disposed. Solid waste disposal is not something to cut corners on, and you need waste management solutions that can both make your job easier as well as protect the environment.

There is over 250 million tons of municipal solid waste produced annually in the U.S., and much of this waste comes in the form of debris from construction and demolition (C&D.) It is absolutely crucial to dispose of C&D waste in an eco-friendly manner, and the best waste management services will inspect all loads to ensure that no recyclable material is being put into landfills.

Landfill services enable municipal entities to focus on the job at hand while their waste is being taken care of in a safe and effective way. Recycling is a primary benefit of these services, and while over 87% of Americans have access to curbside paper recycling programs, C&D operations are usually not given this luxury. The best waste management services focus on recycling initiatives that help the environment, and these benefits extend to the companies that obtain them.

For example, reclaimed and recycled wood from landfills is ideal for mulch production. While reusing these materials for mulch helps the environment, it also beautifies the homes and gardens of those who use the finished product. Waste management initiatives like this are helping the entire country to ramp up its recycling efforts, including helping the state of Florida meet its mandate for 75% recycling by 2020.

Waste management services also offer a host of other important waste disposal benefits, such as roll off container rental. C&D jobs result in tons of waste being left behind on job sites, and without these roll off containers, this debris could not be disposed of in the proper landfills.

Take the time to find a quality waste management option in your area that can provide all of these crucial services. By taking advantage of these services, you’ll streamline onsite production and continue the growing effort to better protect our environment.

 

How to Handle Waste Management While Being Environmentally Friendly

There have been large changes made within the garbage management industry in recent years. A large part of this is due to the increase in pollution caused by waste. Between the growing population and a lack of recycling, waste is at an all-time high. However, there are more and more resources available to help with waste management. When contemplating how to handle your waste, remember this: * The average person creates more than four pounds of waste every day. * We only recycle 30% of our waste. About 75% of it is recyclable. * America produced more than 250 million tons of trash in 2013. Aside from recycling centers, there are plenty of businesses making the transition to being “green.” Many waste disposal companies offer a wide range of services. This includes recycling, roll off container rental, and mulch services. As waste management specialists, they are a great resource for any large solid waste disposal needs or questions you may have. When you find yourself in a situation involving a lot of potential waste, don’t hesitate to call your local garbage management company to ask questions. For example, a lot of people find themselves with a lot of waste when they move to a new residence. While this is only natural after the accumulation of odds and ends over the years, not all of it should go to the landfill. A great way to handle situations like these is to find a clean space to lay out the things you are contemplating throwing away. With a roll off container nearby, take a moment to observe how much waste you are potentially sending to a landfill, unable to decompose. You can decrease your waste by carefully finding items that can be recycled in any way. This includes clothes that can be donated or passed down. This is a great opportunity to get your local garbage management company involved. They can help you differentiate between recyclables and waste. They can handle both so they’re a great source for information regarding recycling and waste.

 

Reduce and Reuse: The Future of Waste Management Services

We’ve all heard about the extensive benefits of recycling. With the help of your local waste management services company, you can extend the reach of your recycling efforts. The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that Americans recycle only 30% of our recyclable waste stream. Considering the fact that the average person creates 1.5 tons of solid waste each year while the country as a whole produces 250 million tons, there is much more we can do. Reduce: “Reduce, reuse, recycle” is the popular catch-phrase of the environmentally-friendly. It’s a simple premise but contains logistics that most don’t consider. By the time you’re ready to recycle something, there are already many environmentally-conscious decisions that have been missed. While most have been educated on the recycling part, it all starts with reducing the amount of potential waste you produce and consume. By shifting your focus to products that are well-designed and produce minimal waste, you’re being proactive about solid waste disposal rather than reactive. Reuse:If you have materials that are potential waste, finding ways to reuse them helps to keep them out of a landfill. Even materials that are recyclable should be considered for multiple uses. If you find yourself with an old shoe box, put it aside until you find another use for it. Materials like cardboard boxes can be used for a multitude of things: crafts, toys for pets, storage, etc. Thinking twice before throwing something away will make a huge difference. Educate yourself: There are a vast multitude of materials that can be recycled and it’s important for you to know which ones. Aside from that, knowing what your local waste management services company will and won’t accept as recyclables is the first step. Once you’ve figured out what you can recycle, make a list of those materials and put it somewhere easily accessible. This will serve as an easy reference resource for members of the household. Hanging it above the garbage can will help stop recyclable waste from being thrown out. Do you have any handy garbage management tips and tricks? Sound off in the comments below!

 

Types of Commercial Waste Management Services

As a country, the United States is pretty high on the list of wasteful populations. With such a large number of businesses, commercial industries’ lack of efficient waste management and solid waste disposal is especially concerning. In the last decade, we’ve produced more than 250 million tons of waste annually. That’s enough garbage to fill Busch Stadium from top to bottom twice a day. Of that waste, the Environmental Protection Agency estimates only 30% of the recyclable waste was actually recycled. Residential access to drop-off paper recycling programs and other waste management services is at 87% and is steadily increasing. However, focus has shifted to helping commercial businesses with their recycling efforts. When it comes to garbage management within the business world, the initiative has to be taken to reduce waste by a large margin. The ideal for the future of waste management services lies in a zero-waste approach. While this may seem outlandish to some, it’s important to note that up until a century ago, our population was zero-waste. Plastics weren’t used to wrap food and materials like fabrics and paper were used repeatedly to save money and resources. But without the push of policy makers and the business elite, this goal becomes unlikely. To implement a new recycling and composting policy at the workplace, it’s best to start by taking small steps. Make sure there are recycling bins placed throughout the office that are easily accessible. To make it easier for employees, place a sign above different recycling receptacles to discern what materials can be put in that specific one. Part of the issue may be getting people to take the initiative seriously. It’s a good idea to implement a reward system for the amount of material recycled. This provides incentive for employees to follow the no-waste approach. Getting everyone on board with a zero-waste initiative will not only provide an eco-friendly workplace but it will also provide a bonding experience for employees. Do you have recycling tips and tricks that you use at work? Does your workplace recycle?

Original Source

February 26, 2020

Managing and Reducing Wastes: A Guide for Commercial Buildings

Filed under: News,Waste Disposal Methods,Waste Management — Devin Priester @ 7:03 am

Office buildings, schools, stores, hotels, restaurants and other commercial and institutional buildings generate significant amounts of materials and waste. Here are tools and resources to help facility managers, building owners, tenants and other stakeholders improve waste management in their buildings, reduce costs and enhance sustainability.

Benefits of Addressing Waste

Until recently, you might not have paid much attention to the waste your organization produces. Many organizations are content simply to establish a system for removing trash. Increasingly, greater attention is being paid to waste management, and pro-active organizations are seeing the benefits of establishing a waste reduction program.

  • Save Money – increasing recycling can cut your disposal costs and improve your bottom line.
  • Knowledge is power – By understanding the amount and types of wastes your organization produces, you’re better positioned to find ways to reduce hauling costs and negotiate for waste and recycling services that actually fit your needs.
  • Streamline reporting and information sharing – Tracking your waste management activities in one platform and using a standard set of metrics, makes it easier to share and report information with stakeholders.
  • Enhance sustainability – Managing waste, water, and energy more efficiently are core components of sustainability. Improving your organization’s sustainability can boost your corporate image, attract quality tenants to your properties and positively engage employees.
  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions – Waste prevention and recycling offer significant potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Conserve resources – Reuse and recycling conserves natural resources including trees, metals and water.

rack Waste

Materials and wastes offer an often overlooked opportunity to improve an organization’s sustainability, prevent greenhouse gas emissions and reduce costs. The first step is tracking the amount of wastes your organization generates, for as the old adage goes, “you can’t manage what you don’t measure.” Tracking your waste and recycling provides the key foundation for a successful waste reduction program.

ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager® is a free, easy to use, online tool for tracking waste, energy and water data over time. Use it to benchmark the performance of one building or a whole portfolio of buildings, all in a secure online environment. Portfolio Manager offers a consistent set of metrics for assessing your waste management activities.

Check out the Portfolio Manager quick start guide and the ENERGY STAR training site to learn how to use Portfolio Manager.

Alternatively, organizations that sign up as a partner in WasteWise, the Food Recovery Challenge or the Federal Green Challenge can use the Sustainable Materials Management (SMM) Data Management System hosted in Re-TRAC Connect. Through the SMM Data Management System, partners can track and report to EPA their annual waste management and green purchasing activities, set annual goals and apply for recognition.

Team Up and Aim High

Getting others involved and following an action plan helps ensure the success of your waste reduction program.

Team Up

  • Leverage an existing team. Consider adding a focus on waste reduction to your organization’s existing green team. This may mean bringing in additional team members with a focus on waste and recycling.
  • Create a new team. If your organization doesn’t have a green team, consider creating a group responsible for planning, designing and implementing waste reduction activities. Some tips for pulling together you team include:
    • Get support from management.
    • Recruit representatives from different areas of your organization. A broad-based team will offer a variety of perspectives, creative problems-solving techniques and likely identify more opportunities for improvement.
    • Relate the size of your team to the size of your organization and gather representatives from as many departments, tenants or functions as possible.

As the team comes together, it is important to identify its responsibilities, which may include:

  1. Working with your organization’s management to set short and long-term waste reduction goals.
  2. Gathering and analyzing information related to the design and implementation of your planned activities.
  3. Securing management participation in endorsing program goals and implementation, communicating the importance of reducing waste within the organization, guiding and sustaining the program and encouraging and rewarding employee commitment and participation in the effort.
  4. Promoting the program to other employees and educating them on ways to participate.
  5. Offering employee incentives to reduce wastes.
  6. Engaging employee to seek suggestions and create recognition and awards programs.
  7. Monitoring progress.
  8. Reporting the status of planned activities to management.
  9. Reporting the organization’s waste reduction efforts to all employees.

Set Goals

Having clear measurable goals gives teams a shared understanding of what they’re working to accomplish and how they’re progressing. Look at your tracking data to establish a benchmark and inform your goal setting. Look at your tracking data to establish a benchmark and inform your goal setting. Setting goals helps you prioritize activities for preventing waste and expanding recycling programs. Then track progress towards the goals using your benchmark.

To identify specific activities that may most effectively lead you to reaching your goals, conduct a waste assessment. The information collected will help you pinpoint the waste reduction areas on which to focus.

Assess Your Program

Tracking the amount of recyclables and wastes hauled from your building gives you an understanding of how your waste management program is performing – data on the amount of waste produced and recycling rate. However, to gain insights on how to improve, a waste assessment is critical. A waste assessment will provide you with important data to discover opportunities for waste reduction.

A waste assessment or audit is a systematic review of your building and its operations to identify the quantity and composition of materials in your waste stream. Knowing what’s in waste enables you to effectively tailor your waste reduction program.

  • Learn the best practices for conducting a waste assessment.

Additionally, consider contacting your city or county’s recycling office or your waste hauler for assistance in conducting a waste assessment. Some local governments and waste haulers offer free waste audits to businesses.

Using the Waste Assessment Results

Use your waste assessment results to inform your waste reduction activities. For example, you might find there is a high percentage of contamination in your recycling stream, indicating the need for improved communication and education about what should go in the recycling bin. Or the results could highlight that participants are throwing out a large percentage of recyclables in the trash.

After reviewing the results of the waste assessment, consider holding a team brainstorming session to identify potential waste reduction activities. List your most promising options and evaluate them in terms of feasibility and how they align with your goals. When analyzing and selecting your activities:

  1. Focus first on waste prevention, which will help eliminate waste at the source, saving natural resources and energy and cutting costs.
  2. Evaluate recycling and composting options to manage waste that cannot be prevented.
  3. Implement waste reduction activities best suited for your organization. You may want to start off with one or two clear activities to get others engaged. Then roll out other initiatives as some of the early waste prevention and recycling behaviors become a habit.

Improve Your Practices

Waste prevention and recycling programs can be significantly improved by actively engaging and educating employees and identifying markets for your recovered materials.

Waste Prevention

The most effective way to reduce your organization’s waste is to generate less in the first place. Waste prevention offers the greatest environmental benefits and cost savings.

  • Reduce: Organizations can modify their current practices to reduce the amounts of waste generated by changing the design, manufacture, purchase, or use of materials or products. For example, your organization could encourage employees to only print what they need and ensure that printer settings are defaulted to print double sided to save paper.
  • Reuse: Reuse of products and packaging prolongs the useful life of these materials, thus delaying final disposal or recycling. Reuse is the repair, refurbishing, washing, or just simple recovery of worn or used products, appliances, furniture and building materials. For example, by encouraging occupants to use reusable coffee mugs rather than single-use, disposable cups, you don’t have to manage the disposal of a bunch of coffee cups.
  • Donate: Organizations can donate products or materials to others who need and can use the items. For example, restaurants, hotels and cafeterias promptly distribute perishable and prepared foods to hungry people in their communities. Many local food banks will pick up food donations free of charge, saving you storage and disposal costs.

Recycling

Recycling saves energy, helps keep materials out of landfills and incinerators, and provides raw materials for the production of new products. When waste cannot be prevented, recycling is the next best option. Recycling is more than extending the life of landfills. It is about making the best use of the resources we have available and conserving those resources for future generations. It is about conserving water, energy, land and raw materials.

Composting is recycling for organics. It converts organic materials, like food waste and yard trimmings, into a valuable soil amendment that contributes to soil health and keeps organic wastes out of landfills.

When looking to increase recycling, there are two interrelated components to address, availability and engagement.

Availability

This refers to the collection systems, markets, and equipment available to you that influence and impact your recycling options. Your location and the amount of materials or wastes your organization generates shapes your opportunities to increase recycling. Availability has several layers:

  • Regional – What material end markets and processing facilities can you access, particularly if you have large amounts of materials?
  • Local – What materials are accepted by your municipal or county programs for recycling or composting? What services do haulers in your area offer? Are there other businesses or organizations that could use your waste material, like waste exchanges and donation outlets?
  • Within a Building – What services does your hauler offer for your building? Are recycling and composting bins visible and convenient?

Engagement

Once the option to recycle or compost is available, then it’s important to engage and educate. Recycling is an easy, visible way people engage in an organization’s sustainability efforts. best practices include:

  1. Kick It Off: Whether you’re starting a new recycling program or reinvigorating an existing one, make an announcement and host a program kick-off. Have a senior leader in the organization announce the goals, why this effort is important and how it will be implemented.
  2. Keep It Fun: Use challenges, zero waste lunches, recognition and more to highlight people’s role in helping the organization meet its waste reduction goals.
  3. Pictures, Please: Clear signage on recycling, composting, and trash bin that includes pictures of what goes in which bin. For example, the San Francisco Environment sign- maker feature provides pictures that you can use to customize recycling, composting, and landfill signs.
  4. Better Together: When it comes to trash and recycling bins it’s best to keep them next to each other so people have both options in one place. It should be as easy to recycle as it is to throw something away. Make sure that all waste bins and recycling bins are clearly marked to avoid misuse.
  5. Be Consistent: If your recycling bins are blue, composting is green, and trash is black, keep the colors consistent throughout your program and building.
  6. Keep It Up: Ongoing communication and promotion is key to program success. You can leverage special emphasis days like Earth Day (April 22nd) and America Recycles Day (November 15th), and celebrate program milestones to maintain momentum.

Share Your Success

With active tracking of your waste management activities in platforms like ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager®, you can measure progress, track cost savings, and run reports to view summary metrics of your waste management performance.

To quantify the greenhouse gas emissions impacts of your waste management activities, use EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM). WARM enables you to quantify the greenhouse gas and energy savings resulting from recycling and composting.

Consider conducting an annual review of your efforts. With the green team, evaluate what is working and what can be improved upon.

Original Source

February 19, 2020

Waste management

Filed under: News,Waste Management — Devin Priester @ 7:55 am

Waste management is the handling of discarded materials. The term most commonly applies to the disposition of solid wastes, which is often described as solid waste management. One form of waste management involves the elimination of undesirable waste products by methods such as landfilling and incineration. But recycling and composting, which transform waste into useful products, also are forms of waste management.

The term waste can apply to a wide variety of materials, including discarded food, leaves, newspapers, bottles, construction debris, chemicals from a factory, candy wrappers, disposable diapers, and radioactive materials. Civilization has always produced waste. But as industry and technology have evolved and the world’s population has grown, waste management has become an increasingly difficult and complex problem.

A primary objective of waste management today is to protect the public and the environment from potential harmful effects of waste. Some waste materials are normally safe but can be hazardous if not managed properly. One gallon (3.75 liters) of used motor oil, for example, can contaminate one million gallons (3,750,000 liters) of water.

Who manages waste? Every individual, business, and industry must make decisions and take some responsibility regarding its own waste. On a larger scale, government agencies at the local, state, and federal levels enact and enforce waste management regulations. These agencies also educate the public about proper waste management. In addition, local government agencies may provide disposal or recycling services themselves, or they may hire private companies to perform those functions.

Forms of waste

Most solid wastes can be subdivided into one of three major categories: municipal solid wastes; agricultural, mining, and industrial wastes; and hazardous wastes. Municipal solid waste is what most people think of as garbage, refuse, or trash. It is generated by households, businesses (other than heavy industry), and institutions such as schools and hospitals.

Words to Know

Bio solids: Another name for sewage sludge.

Cremators: Primitive devices for incinerating municipal wastes.

Dump (or open dump): An area in which wastes are simply deposited and left to rot or decay.

Hazardous wastes: Wastes that are poisonous, flammable, or corrosive, or that react with other substances in a dangerous way.

Incineration: The burning of solid waste as a disposal method.

Land filling: A land disposal method for solid waste in which garbage is covered every day with several inches of soil.

Leachate: The liquid that filters through a dump or landfill.

Recycling: The use of waste materials, also known as secondary materials or recyclables, to produce new products.

Resource recovery plant: An incinerator that uses energy produced by the burning of solid wastes for some useful purpose.

Source reduction: Reduction in the quantity or the toxicity of material used for a product or packaging; a form of waste prevention.

Tailings: Piles of mine wastes.

Waste prevention: A waste management method that involves preventing waste from being created, or reducing waste.

Waste-to-energy plant: An incinerator that uses energy produced by the burning of solid wastes for some useful purpose.

Although we may be very conscious of municipal wastes, they actually represent only a small fraction of all solid wastes produced annually. Indeed, more than 95 percent of the 4.5 billion tons of solid waste generated in the United States each year come from agriculture, mining, and industry. These forms of solid waste are less visible to the ordinary person because they are usually generated at remote mining sites or in the fields.

Mining nearly always generates substantial waste, whether the material being mined is coal, clay, sand, gravel, building stone, or metallic ore. Early mining techniques concentrated on the removal of ores with the highest concentration of the desired mineral. Because modern methods of mining are more efficient, they can extract the desired minerals from veins that are less rich. However, much more waste is produced in the process.

Many of the plant and animal wastes generated by agriculture remain in the fields or range lands. These wastes can be beneficial because they return nutrients to the soil. But modern techniques of raising large numbers of animals in small areas generate great volumes of animal waste, or manure. Waste in such quantities must be managed carefully, or it can contaminate groundwater or surface water.

An employee at a hazardous waste collection site in Santa Cruz County, California, sorting through household hazardous waste items. (Reproduced by permission of Photo Researchers, Inc.)

An employee at a hazardous waste collection site in Santa Cruz County, California, sorting through household hazardous waste items. (Reproduced by permission of

Hazardous waste

Hazardous wastes are materials considered harmful or potentially harmful to human health or the environment. Wastes may be deemed hazardous because they are poisonous, flammable, or corrosive, or because they react with other substances in a dangerous way.

Industrial operations have produced large quantities of hazardous waste for hundreds of years. Some hazardous wastes, such as mercury and dioxins, may be released as gases. Many hazardous industrial wastes are in liquid form. One of the greatest risks is that these wastes will contaminate water supplies.

Pesticides used in farming may contaminate agricultural waste. Because of the enormous volumes of pesticides used in agriculture, the proper handling of unused or waste pesticides is a daunting challenge for modern waste management. Certain mining techniques also utilize toxic chemicals. Piles of mining waste, known as tailings, may contain hazardous

Hazardous waste being disposed of in special drums. (Reproduced by permission of Field Mark Publications.)

Hazardous waste being disposed of in special drums. (Reproduced by permission of Field Mark Publications .)

substances. When these substances react with the oxygen in the air, toxic acids may form and may be washed into the groundwater by rain.

Hazardous wastes come from the home as well. Many common household products contain toxic chemicals. Examples include drain cleaner, pesticides, glue, paint, paint thinner, air freshener, and nail polish. Twenty years ago, most people dumped these products in the garbage, even if the containers were not empty. But local governments do not want them in the garbage. They also do not want residents to pour leftover household chemicals down the drain, since municipal sewage treatment plants are not well-equipped to remove them.

Management of wastes

Throughout history, four basic methods for managing wastes have been used: dumping; incineration (burning); recycling; and waste prevention. How these four methods are utilized depends on the kind of wastes being managed. Municipal solid waste is much different than industrial, agricultural, or mining waste. And hazardous waste poses such serious problems that it needs to be handled by specialized techniques, even when it is generated with other types of wastes.

Landfills. Early humans did not worry much about waste management. They simply left their garbage where it dropped. But as permanent communities developed, people began to place their waste in designated dumping areas. The use of such open dumps for garbage is still common in some parts of the world.

But open dumps have major disadvantages, especially in heavily populated areas. Toxic chemicals can filter down through a dump and contaminate groundwater. (The liquid that filters through a dump or land-fill—just as water percolates or filters through coffee grounds to make coffee—is called leachate.) Dumps also may generate methane, an explosive gas produced when organic wastes decompose under certain conditions.

In many parts of the world today, open dumps have been replaced by landfills, also known as sanitary landfills. The sanitary landfill was apparently invented in England in the 1920s. At a landfill, garbage is covered at the end of every day with several inches of soil. Land filling became common in the United States in the 1940s. By the late 1950s, it was the dominant solid waste disposal method in the nation.

Early landfills had significant leachate and methane problems. But those have largely been resolved at landfills built in the past 20 years. Today’s landfills are lined with several feet of clay and with thick plastic sheets. Leachate is collected at the bottom, drained through pipes, and processed. Methane gas also is safely piped out of the landfill.

The dumping of waste does not take place on land only. Ocean dumping makes use of barges that carry garbage out to sea. This technique was once used as a disposal method by some U.S. coastal cities and is still practiced by some nations. Sewage sludge, or processed sewage, was dumped at sea in huge quantities by New York City until 1992, when it was finally prohibited. Also called bio solids, sewage sludge is not generally considered solid waste but is sometimes composted with organic municipal solid waste.

Incineration. Incineration has a long history in municipal solid waste management. Some American cities began to burn their garbage in the late nineteenth century in devices called cremators. These devices were not very efficient, however, and cities eventually went back to dumping or other methods. In the 1930s and 1940s, many cities built new types of garbage burners known as incinerators. Many incinerators have now been shut down, primarily because of the air pollution they create.

Waste burning enjoyed yet another revival in the 1970s and 1980s. The new incinerators, many of which are still in operation, are called resource recovery or waste-to-energy plants. In addition to burning garbage, they produce heat or electricity that is used in nearby buildings or residences or sold to a utility. Many local governments became interested in waste-to-energy plants following the U.S. energy crisis in 1973. But, by the mid-1980s, it had become difficult to find locations to build these facilities, once again mainly because of air quality issues.

Another problem with incineration is that it generates ash, which must be land filled. Incinerators usually reduce the volume of garbage by 70 to 90 percent. The rest comes out as ash that often contains high concentrations of toxic substances.

Recycling and waste prevention. Municipal solid waste will probably always be land filled or burned to some extent. Since the mid-1970s, however, non disposal methods such as waste prevention and recycling have become more popular. Because of public concerns and the high costs of land filling and incineration, local governments want to reduce the amount of waste that needs to be disposed.

Even the earliest civilizations recycled some items before they became garbage. Broken pottery was often ground up and used to make new pottery, for example. Recycling has taken many forms. One unusual type of recycling, called reduction, was common in large U.S. cities from about 1900 to 1930. In reduction plants, wet garbage, dead horses, and other dead animals were cooked in large vats to produce grease and fertilizer. A more familiar, and certainly more appealing, type of recycling took place during World War II (1939–45), when scrap metal was collected to help the war effort. Modern-day recycling has had two recent booms, from about 1969 to 1974 and another that began in the late 1980s. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the recycling rate in the United States had risen to 28 percent, an increase of more than 10 percent from a decade before.

Reuse and repair are the earliest forms of waste prevention, which also is known as waste reduction. When tools, clothes, and other necessities were scarce, people naturally repaired them again and again. When they were beyond repair, people found other uses for them.

One form of waste prevention, called source reduction, is a reduction in the quantity or the toxicity of the material used for a product or packaging.

Industrial waste management

Industrial wastes that are not hazardous have traditionally been sent to landfills or incinerators. The rising cost of disposal has prompted many companies to seek alternative methods for handling these wastes. Often, a manufacturing plant can reclaim certain waste materials by feeding them back into the production process.

An estimated 60 percent of all hazardous industrial waste in the United States is disposed of with a method called deep well injection. With this technique, liquid wastes are injected into a well located in a type of rock formation that keeps the waste isolated from groundwater and surface water. Other underground burial methods are also used for hazardous industrial waste and other types of dangerous waste.

Hazardous wastes are disposed of at specially designed landfills and incinerators. A controversial issue in international relations is the export of hazardous waste, usually from industrial countries to developing nations. This export often takes place with the stated intent of recycling, but some of the wastes end up being dumped.

Original Source

February 12, 2020

Characteristic Hazardous Waste

Filed under: Hazardous Waste,News — Devin Priester @ 7:49 am

Chemicals also require management as hazardous waste if they exhibit one or more of the four EPA-defined characteristics of ignitable, corrosive, reactivity, or toxicity.

Ignitable Wastes

  1. Liquids having a flash point below 140F
    a.  alcohol solutions which contain more than 24% alcohol by volume
    b.  HPLC liquids (which often contain highly flammable solvents such as Acetonitrile)
    c.  glass-cleaning solvent rinses
  2. Spontaneously combustible solids
    a.  metal powders
    b.  activated charcoal
  3. Ignitable compressed gases
    a.  gas cylinders for lab burners (butane, propane, etc.)
  4.  Oxidizers
    a.  nitrate compounds
    b.  peroxide compounds
    c.  percolate compounds

Corrosive Wastes

  1. Any liquid having a pH less than 2 or higher than 12.5
    a. inorganic acids (hydrochloric, phosphoric, nitric, sulfuric, etc.)
    b. organic acids (formic, acetic, lactic, etc.)
    c. alkaline compounds (hydroxides, amines, etc.)

Reactive Wastes

  1. compounds which are normally unstable and readily undergo violent change without detonating
    a. diethyl zinc
    b. organometallic gases
  2. compounds which will violently react with water
    a. anhydrous metal salts
    b. alkali metals
    c. metal powders, shavings, or turnings
  3. compounds which form potentially explosive mixtures with water
    a. calcium carbide
    b. metal hydrides
    c. chlorosilanes
  4. compounds which are capable of detonation or explosive reaction
    a. dry picric acid
    b. Azo-, dinitro-, or trinitro compounds
  5. cyanide- and sulfide-bearing compounds

Toxic Wastes

EPA Toxicity Characteristic List

Heavy Metals Pesticides Common Organic Chemicals
Arsenic (5 ppm) Endrin (0.02 ppm) Benzene (0.5 ppm)
Barium (100 ppm) Lindane (0.4 ppm) Carbon Tetrachloride (0.5 ppm)
Cadmium (1 ppm) Methoxychlor (10 ppm) Chlorobenzene (100 ppm)
Chromium (5 ppm) Toxaphene (0.5 ppm) Chloroform (6 ppm)
Lead (5 ppm) 2,4-D (10 ppm) o-Cresol (200 ppm)
Mercury (0.2 ppm) 2,4,5-TP (Silvex) (1 ppm) m-Cresol (200 ppm)
Selenium (1 ppm) Chlordane (0.03 ppm) p-Cresol ( 200 ppm)
Silver (5 ppm) Heptachlor (0.008 ppm) Cresols (200 ppm)
Pentachlorophenol (100 ppm) 1,4-Dichlorobenzene (7.5 ppm)
Hexachlorobenzene (0.13 ppm) 1,2-Dichloroethane (0.5 ppm)
1,1-Dichloroethylene (0.7 ppm)
2,4-Dinitrotoluene (0.13 ppm)
Hexachlorobutadiene (0.5 ppm)
Hexachloroethane (3 ppm)
Methyl Ethyl Ketone (200 ppm)
Nitrobenzene (2 ppm)
Pyridine (5 ppm)
Tetrachloroethylene (0.7 ppm)
Trichloroethylene (0.5 ppm)
2,4,5-Trichlorophenol (400 ppm)
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol (2 ppm)
Vinyl chloride (0.2 ppm)

Original Source

February 5, 2020

Learn the Basics of Hazardous Waste

Filed under: Hazardous Waste,Industry News,News,Radioactive Waste,Solid Waste — Devin Priester @ 7:01 am

Hazardous waste that is improperly managed poses a serious threat to human health and the environment. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), passed in 1976, was established to set up a framework for the proper management of hazardous waste.